There are many ways to classify the causes of lameness; these include:
Bones-Joints-Ligaments, Clinical History, Neurological, Diseases of Muscle, Infectious, Immune-Mediated, Congenital, Nutritional & Metabolic, Breed-Specific, Chondrodyplastic-Related.

This page will represent an index of these classifications and will also contain links from some of these to pertinent discussions on this and on other web sites. For starters, Bones-Joints-Ligaments table is included here

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Bones -Joints-Ligaments

Largebreed
Immature

Largebreed
Mature

Smallbreed
Immature

Smallbreed
Mature

Multiple Limb

Trauma Trauma Trauma, Fracture, Luxations Trauma,
Radial/Ulna Dysplasia Spondylosis Deformans Spondylosis Deformans
Epipholysis of Femoral Head Diskospondylitis Radial/Ulna Dysplasia*
Multiple Cartilagenous Exostosis Multiple Cartilagenous Exostosis
Panosteitis Panosteitis Neoplasia
Retained Cartilagenous Core
Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy Hypertrophic Osteopathy
Neosporum
Caninum
Toxoplasmosa
Ghondi
Hindlimb
HIP HIP HIP HIP
Dysplasia Dysplasia/Degenerative Joint Disease Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease Degenerative Joint Disease (Arthritis)
Luxation Luxation Luxation Luxation
Stifle (Knee) Stifle (Knee) Stifle (Knee) Stifle (Knee)
Osteochondrosis Degenerative Joint Disease Degenerative Joint Disease (Arthritis)
Patellar (Knee) Luxation Anterior Cruciate Ligment Avulsion Anterior Cruciate Ligament Avulsion Anterior Cruciate Ligament Avulsion
Tendon (Long Digital Extensor) Avulsion Patella (kneecap) Luxation Patella Luxation Patella Luxation
Anterior or Posterior Cruciate Ligament Avulsion Luxation of Long Digital Extensor Tendon Inflammatory Joint Disease
Deformity due to Premature Closure of Growth Plate Neoplasia
Tibial Crest Luxation Panosteitis*
Tarsus (Ankle) Tarsus (Ankle) Tarsus (Ankle) Tarsus (Ankle)
Deformity du to Premature Closure of Growth Plate Avulsion of Gastocnemius (Achilles) Tendon Deformity due to Premature Closure of Growth Plate (Physis) Avulsion of Superficial Digital Flexor Tendon
Slipped Gastrocnemius (Achilles) Tendon Luxation of Superficial Digital Flexor Tendon Degenerative Joint Disease (Arthritis)
Osteochondrosis Degenerative Joint Disease Inflammatory Joint Disease
Forelimb
Shoulder Shoulder Shoulder Shoulder
Osteochondrosis Bicipital Tenosynovitis Luxation/Subluxation of Shoulder Luxation/Sublation of Shoulder
Luxation Calcification of the Supraspinatous Tendon Inflammatory Joint Disease
Avulsion of Supraglenoid Tubercle (Boney part of Shoulder) Contraction of Infraspinatus or the Supraspinatus Tendon Degenerative Joint Disease
Hypothyroidism Neoplasia
Elbow Elbow Elbow Elbow
Osteochondrosis Ununited Medial Epicondyle Ununited Aconeal Process *
Ununited Aconeal Process Degenerative Joint Disease Elbow Incongruity*
Fragmented Coronoid Process Inflammatory Joint Disease
Ununited Medial Epicondyle
Retained Cartilagenous Core
Growth Plate ("physis") Trauma
Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy
* Refers primarily to Chondrodystrophic breeds...e.g.Dachshund, Corgi

Copyright 1997-2011 Newman Veterinary Medical Services, Seattle, WA

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